Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Lamiales

Acanthaceae - Barleria family

Balkwill, K. & Welman, W.G. (2000) Acanthaceae. In Leistner, O.A. Seed plants of southern Africa: families and genera. Strelitzia 10 34-45

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010) Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora of Tropical East Africa Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015) Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6)

Leistner, O.A. (2005) Seed plants of southern tropical Africa: families and genera SABONET Report No. 26 SABONET, Pretoria

Vollesen, K. (2009) Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora of Tropical East Africa

Vollesen, K. (2013) Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 8(5)

Description of the family

Herbs, shrubs or sometimes climbers. Stipules 0. Leaves opposite, usually entire, less often toothed. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic or zygomorphic. Bracts and bracteoles usually present. Calyx 4-5-partite, rarely 2-lipped or with 10-18 teeth (Thunbergia). Corolla gamopetalous, 1-2-lipped or 5-lobed. Stamens 2 or 4, inserted on corolla. Anthers 1- or 2-thecous, with thecae together or one above the other. Ovary superior, 2-locular with (1-)2(-3 or more) ovules in each loculus. Fruit a loculicidal capsule, often explosively dehiscent.

Worldwide: 229 genera and 3450 species, mostly tropical.

Zambia: 36 genera and 242 taxa.

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Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Acanthopale C.B. ClarkeDescription
Acanthus L.Description, Image
Anisosepalum E. Hossain
Anisotes NeesDescription
Asystasia BlumeDescription, Image
Barleria L.Description, Image
Blepharis Juss.Description, Image
Brachystephanus NeesDescription
Brillantaisia P. Beauv.Description, Image
Crabbea Harv.Description, Image
Crossandra Salisb.Description
Dicliptera Juss.Description
Duosperma DaytonDescription, Image
Dyschoriste NeesDescription
Ecbolium KurzDescription, Image
Elytraria Michx.Description
Hygrophila R.Br.Description
Hypoestes Sol. ex R.Br.Description, Image
Isoglossa Oerst.Description
Justicia L.Description
Lepidagathis Willd.Description, Image
Megalochlamys LindauDescription
Mellera S. MooreDescription, Image
Mimulopsis Schweinf.Description, Image
Nelsonia R. Br.Description, Image
Neuracanthus NeesDescription, Image
Phaulopsis Willd.Description, Image
Pseuderanthemum Radlk.Description
Pseudocalyx Radlk.Description
Rhinacanthus NeesDescription
Ruellia L.Description
Ruspolia LindauDescription, Image
Sclerochiton Harv.Description
Strobilanthopsis S. MooreDescription, Image
Thunbergia Retz.Description, Image
Whitfieldia Hook.Description

Other sources of information about Acanthaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acanthaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Acanthaceae
Flora of Malawi: Acanthaceae
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Acanthaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Acanthaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Acanthaceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Acanthaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Acanthaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Acanthaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Acanthaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: Family page: Acanthaceae.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=1, retrieved 30 March 2017

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