8094.000 Justicia L.

ADHATODA Mill.

BELOPERONE Nees

JACOBINIA Nees ex Moricand

MONECHMA Hochst.

Hedrén, M. (1989) Justicia sect. Harnieria (Acanthaceae) in Tropical Africa Acta. Univ. Ups. Symb. Bot. Ups. 29(1) 1-141

Hedrén, M. (1990) The Justicia elegantula complex (Acanthaceae) in tropical Africa Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 103(3) 263-280

Kelbessa, E. (1990) Justicia Sect. Ansellia (Acanthaceae) Acta. Univ. Ups. Symb. Bot. Ups. 29(2) 1-96

Description of the genus

Shrubs or annual or perennial herbs. Leaves simple, opposite, entire. Inflorescences cymose. Bract (0-)1. Bracteoles 2. Calyx 4-5-lobed, to near the base. Corolla 2-lipped; upper lip very shortly 2-lobed; lower deeply 3-lobed with raised palate. Stamens 2; thecae 2, lower with a well-defined whitish tail. Ovary 2-locular with 2 ovules per loculus. Capsule cylindric or clavate, (1-)4-seeded. Seeds usually rough.

Derivation of name: Named after James Justice (1698-1763), a Scottish nurseryman

Worldwide: c. 600 species in tropical and warm countries and temperate N America

Zambia: 40 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Sarangesa motozi (Forest elfin)
Zizula hylax (Gaika blue)
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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
anagalloides (Nees) T. AndersonN,SMcDescription, Image
anselliana (Nees) T. AndersonB,W,C,SNw,C,Lk,S,W
bequaertii De Wild.N,W,CNw,Cb,N,C
betonica L.B,N,W,C,E,SCb,N,E,C,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
bracteata (Hochst.) Zarb.B,N,W,C,E,SCb,N,E,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
ciliata Jacq.SS
crassiradix C.B. ClarkeNN
dalaënsis BenoistWCb
divaricata NeesB,CC,W
elegantula S. MooreB,N,W,C,E,SCb,N,E,C,S,WDescription, Image
eminii LindauN,W,CNw,N
exigua S. MooreB,SC,S,WDescription, Image
fanshawei Vollesen[End]NLp,N
flava (Vahl) VahlB,N,W,C,SNw,N,Mc,SDescription, Image
heterocarpa T. Anderson subsp. dinteri (S. Moore) HedrénB,C,SC,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
kasamae Vollesen[End]NN
kirkiana T. AndersonB,C,E,SE,C,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
lenticellata Champl.N,W
linearispica C.B. ClarkeN,EN,Mc
lithospermoides LindauB,N,W,CNw,Cb,Lp,C
mariae HedrénNN
matammensis (Schweinf.) Oliv. E,SE,SDescription, Image
mbalaensis VollesenNN
mollugo C.B. ClarkeN,W,CNw,Cb,N,Mc,C,Lk
monechmoides S. MooreN,C,E,SN,Mc,Lk,S
nuttii C.B. ClarkeNN,McDescription, Image
nyassana LindauN,WNw,NDescription, Image
obtusicapsula HedrénNN
phyllostachys C.B. ClarkeN,W,C,ECb,N,Mc,LkDescription, Image
richardsiae HedrénNN,Mc
ruwenzoriensis C.B. ClarkeN,WNw,N
salvioides Milne-Redh.[DD]NN
scabrida S. MooreWCb
scandens VahlB,N,W,C,SCb,N,Mc,S,WDescription, Image
sp. C N
striata (Klotzsch) BullockN,W,C,SCb,N,C,Lk,SDescription, Image
subsessilis Oliv.N,W,C,SNw,N,Mc,S
syncollotheca Milne-Redh.N,W,CNw,N,C
tetrasperma HedrénNN
tricostata VollesenN,W,C,SCb,N,Lk,S

Other sources of information about Justicia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Justicia
Flora of Caprivi: Justicia
Flora of Malawi: Justicia
Flora of Mozambique: Justicia
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Justicia
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Justicia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Justicia
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Justicia

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Justicia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Justicia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Justicia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Justicia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Justicia

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Justicia.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1357, retrieved 26 September 2017

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