Gardenia resiniflua Hiern
subsp. resiniflua

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Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua

Picture: Helen Pickering
Zambian side of Victoria Falls: within the fenced area of the Falls, both up and down stream

Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua

Picture: Helen Pickering
Zambian side of Victoria Falls: within the fenced area of the Falls, both up and down stream

Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua

Picture: Helen Pickering
Zambian side of Victoria Falls: within the fenced area of the Falls, both up and down stream

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Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree. Bark smooth, pale grey, somewhat peeling. Leaves in whorls of 3 on short, stiff side branchlets, obovate, 2-8 cm, sparsely roughly hairy above except when young, densely velvety below; apex shortly pointed; base running down the petiole. Flowers solitary in the upper leaf axils, white, c. 3 cm long and 3 cm in diameter. Fruit yellowish-brown, ovoid to almost round, c. 15 mm long, densely covered in short hairs, crowned with the persistent calyx lobes.
Type location:
Malawi and Mozambique
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: resiniflua: with a flowing resin
Habitat: In various types of woodland and scrub, often along rivers.
Altitude range: Up to 1300 m
Flowering time:Nov - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, DRC, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Limpopo, South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,Mc,E,Lk,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 667 - 668.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1054.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 611.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 275. As Gardenia resiniflua

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 72.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 88.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 103. (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 624 - 626. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 97.

Setshogo, M.P. & Venter, F. (2003). Trees of Botswana: names and distribution SABONET Report No. 18 Southern African Botanical Diversity Network, Pretoria Page 114.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 79.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 366 - 367. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua
Flora of Caprivi: Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua
Flora of Malawi: Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua
Flora of Mozambique: Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua
Flora of Zimbabwe: Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gardenia resiniflua
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Gardenia resiniflua
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gardenia resiniflua
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gardenia resiniflua
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Gardenia resiniflua
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Gardenia resiniflua
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gardenia resiniflua
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Gardenia resiniflua
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gardenia resiniflua
Ispot Southern Africa: Gardenia resiniflua
JSTOR Plant Science: Gardenia resiniflua
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Gardenia resiniflua
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gardenia resiniflua
The Plant List (version 1.1): Gardenia resiniflua
Tropicos: Gardenia resiniflua


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Gardenia resiniflua subsp. resiniflua.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155350, retrieved 18 December 2017

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