Garcinia livingstonei T. Anderson

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Garcinia livingstonei

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Garcinia livingstonei

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Garcinia livingstonei

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Garcinia livingstonei

.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Garcinia livingstonei

Male.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Garcinia livingstonei

Male.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Garcinia livingstonei

.
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Garcinia angolensis Vesque
Common names: African mangosteen (English: Zambia) Mungindu (Tonga: Zambia)
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Description:
Tree up to 12 m of more high, evergreen, glabrous. Branches erect in young trees, lower branches pendulous in mature trees. Leaves opposite, borne on short spurs, stiff and leathery. Sexes on separate trees (dioeceous). Flowers borne on cushions at the nodes, petals yellow. Fruit and orange drupe, with a single seed.
Type location:
Mozambique
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: livingstonei: named after the legendary Scottish explorer David Livingstone (1813-1873)
Habitat: Riverine forest, limestone sinkholes
Altitude range: Up to 1050 m
Flowering time:Aug - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Senegal to Nigeria; Ethiopia and Uganda to Angola, Namibia, Botswana and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,E,C,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 30 January 2014
Literature:

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 462 - 463. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 260.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 228. (Includes a picture).

Robson, N.K.B. (1961). Guttiferae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Pages 400 - 401.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 114 - 115. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 47.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 68.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 203.

Other sources of information about Garcinia livingstonei:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Garcinia livingstonei
Flora of Caprivi: Garcinia livingstonei
Flora of Malawi: Garcinia livingstonei
Flora of Mozambique: Garcinia livingstonei
Flora of Zimbabwe: Garcinia livingstonei

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Garcinia livingstonei
African Plant Database: Garcinia livingstonei
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Garcinia livingstonei
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Garcinia livingstonei
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Garcinia livingstonei
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Garcinia livingstonei
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Garcinia livingstonei
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Garcinia livingstonei
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Garcinia livingstonei
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Garcinia livingstonei
Ispot Southern Africa: Garcinia livingstonei
JSTOR Plant Science: Garcinia livingstonei
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Garcinia livingstonei
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Garcinia livingstonei
The Plant List (version 1.1): Garcinia livingstonei
Tropicos: Garcinia livingstonei


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Garcinia livingstonei.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=140450, retrieved 24 September 2017

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