Habenaria zambesina Rchb.f.

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Habenaria zambesina

Dambo/Grassland
Chakwenga Headwaters
May 2017
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria zambesina

Dambo/Grassland
Chakwenga Headwaters
May 2017
Photo: Nick Wightman

Habenaria zambesina

Dambo/Grassland
Chakwenga Headwaters
May 2017
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Habenaria myriantha Kraenzl.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb up to 1 m tall; roots several, fleshy, up to 12 x 1 cm, cylindrical, sometimes branched; leaves 8-9, spaced along the stem, lowest 2-3 loosely sheathing, the remainder up to 22 x 5 cm, ovate, acute, slightly clasping stem, decreasing in size towards stem apex; inflorescence 11-25 x 4.5-25 cm, densely many flowered, bracts 17-22 mm long, lanceolate, acute; ovary and pedicel 18-20 mm long; flowers white, sepals turning green towards apex, dorsal sepal 5-6 x 3-5 mm, ovate, reflexed, lateral sepals 6-10 x 3-4 mm, ovate, deflexed or spreading, twisted; petals 5-10 x 3-4 mm, ovate, acute, entire, pointing forwards and more or less forming a hood; lip 8-13 x 1.5-2.5 mm, ligulate entire; spur (1.5)5.5-9 cm long, slender, pendent; anther c. 2mm tall, canals very short; stigmatic arms 2-2.5 mm long, clavate, usually joined near tip.
Type location:
Mozambique
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Wet grasslands and dambos
Altitude range: 600 - 1550 m
Flowering time:Dec - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Throughout most of tropical Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,E,C,S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 6 July 2017
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 329.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 129.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 69.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 57. (Includes a picture).

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 390.

Other sources of information about Habenaria zambesina:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Habenaria zambesina
Flora of Mozambique: Habenaria zambesina
Flora of Zimbabwe: Habenaria zambesina

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria zambesina
African Plant Database: Habenaria zambesina
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Habenaria zambesina
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria zambesina
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria zambesina
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Habenaria zambesina
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Habenaria zambesina
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria zambesina
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Habenaria zambesina
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria zambesina
Ispot Southern Africa: Habenaria zambesina
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria zambesina
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Habenaria zambesina
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Habenaria zambesina
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria zambesina
The Plant List (version 1.1): Habenaria zambesina
Tropicos: Habenaria zambesina


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Habenaria zambesina.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=117210, retrieved 22 November 2017

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