Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Lamiales

Verbenaceae - Verbena family

Fernandes, R. (2005) Verbenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(7)

Verdcourt, B. (1992) Verbenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa

Description of the family

Herbs, shrubs, trees or woody climbers, sometimes spiny, with often square stems. Stipules 0. Leaves usually opposite, sometimes whorled, rarely alternate, simple or dissected. Flowers mostly zygomorphic and 2-lipped, sometimes ± actinomorphic, usually 4-5-merous, usually bisexual. Calyx and corolla 4-5-lobed. Stamens 4, didynamous. Disk usually present. Ovary superior, usually 2-locular, usually soon 4 (or more)-locular by development of false septa. Ovules 2 in each true loculus. Fruit a drupe with 2-4 pyrenes or dividing at maturity into 2 or 4 nutlets.

Worldwide: 41 genera and 950 species, occurring in the tropics, particularly South America, with a few temperate species.

Zambia: 7 genera and 19 taxa.

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Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Chascanum E. Mey.Description
Duranta L.Description
Lantana L.Description
Lippia L.Description
Phyla Lour.Description
Stachytarpheta VahlDescription
Verbena L.Description

Other sources of information about Verbenaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Verbenaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Verbenaceae
Flora of Malawi: Verbenaceae
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Verbenaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Verbenaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Verbenaceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Verbenaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Verbenaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Verbenaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Verbenaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: Family page: Verbenaceae.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=231, retrieved 24 October 2017

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