Phragmanthera crassicaulis (Engl.) Balle

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Phragmanthera crassicaulis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Lomami River opposite Lieki, DRC

Phragmanthera crassicaulis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Lomami River opposite Lieki, DRC

Phragmanthera crassicaulis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Lomami River opposite Lieki, DRC

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Synonyms: Loranthus crassicaulis Engl.
Tapinanthus crassicaulis (Engl.) Danser
Common names:
Frequency: Very local and probably not common.
Status: Native
Description:
Parasitic shrub with mostly pendent branches, up to 2 m long. Leaves opposite to somewhat alternate, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 7–20 cm long, brownish-violet to blue-green at first, maturing dark bronze-green, leathery, hairless except when very young, with 5–9 pairs of lateral veins; petiole 5–20 mm long. Umbels in axils and at old nodes below, 2–4-flowered; peduncle 1–4 mm long; pedicels 0.5–1.5 mm long; bract ovate, 1–1.2 mm long, puberulous. Receptacle 1–2 mm long, puberulous; calyx 0.3–0.7 mm long, obscurely toothed, ciliate. Corolla 2.5–3.5 cm long, yellow, marked orange to red at base and on the lobes or wholly red, puberulous in bud, becoming hairless above and on basal swelling; apical swelling of bud ovoid to globose, 2–2.5 mm long, basal swelling 2–4 mm long, with tube abruptly constricted above for several mm; lobes erect, elliptic, 6–6.5 mm long; tips hardened inside. Berry obovoid-ellipsoid, 7–8 mm long, blood-red.
Type location:
DRC
Notes: Only collected once in Zambia but appearing fairly frequent in that locality.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: At margins of swamp forest and rivers growing on Syzygium cordatum.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Cameroon, CAR, Congo-Brazzaville, DRC and northern Zambia. common along the R. Congo
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca):
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lp
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 31 October 2017
Literature:

Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (2006). Loranthaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Page 193.

Other sources of information about Phragmanthera crassicaulis:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Phragmanthera crassicaulis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Phragmanthera crassicaulis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Phragmanthera crassicaulis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Phragmanthera crassicaulis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Phragmanthera crassicaulis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Phragmanthera crassicaulis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Phragmanthera crassicaulis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Phragmanthera crassicaulis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Phragmanthera crassicaulis
Ispot Southern Africa: Phragmanthera crassicaulis
JSTOR Plant Science: Phragmanthera crassicaulis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Phragmanthera crassicaulis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Phragmanthera crassicaulis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Phragmanthera crassicaulis
Tropicos: Phragmanthera crassicaulis


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Phragmanthera crassicaulis.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=190780, retrieved 20 November 2017

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