Selaginella njam-njamensis Hieron.

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Synonyms: Bryodesma njamnjamense (Hieron.) Sojak
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Plant creeping, olive-green, densely tufted; main stem dorsiventral in position and length of leaves, up to 15 cm long; branches short, 1–2-forked, often recurved at apices when dry; rhizophores scattered along length of plant, up to 3.5 cm long. Median (upper) leaves linear-lanceolate, ± 2 × 0.25 mm, base adnate, apex gradually tapering into a short opaque yellowish-white seta up to 1/4 the length of the lamina, margins with tooth-like cilia towards apex and longer ones towards base; also often some denticles by the midrib on surface towards the apex. Lateral (under) leaves more linear, slightly longer, up to 2.5 mm long. Strobili 3–10 mm long, 1.2–1.3 mm wide; sporophylls in 4 ranks; those on the upper side lanceolate, ± 2 mm long, 1 mm wide, gradually tapering to a sharp point, with ciliate margins and those on the lower side slightly longer and broader.
Type location:
Notes: Differs from other species by having leaves that are arranged dorsiventrally, the older leaves are brown and persistent.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Granite kopjes
Altitude range: 900 - 1060 m
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Central African Republic, DRC, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): E,W
Growth form(s): Lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Bizzarri, M.P. (1985). Selaginellaceae Flore d' Afrique Centrale National Botanic Garden of Belgium Pages 10 - 13. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 43. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 81.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 15.

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Page 33.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 25.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 26.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 23.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 16.

Verdcourt, B. (2005). Selaginellaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Page 7. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Selaginella njam-njamensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Selaginella njam-njamensis
Flora of Malawi: Selaginella njam-njamensis
Flora of Mozambique: Selaginella njam-njamensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Selaginella njam-njamensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Selaginella njam-njamensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Selaginella njam-njamensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Selaginella njam-njamensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Selaginella njam-njamensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Selaginella njam-njamensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Selaginella njam-njamensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Selaginella njam-njamensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Selaginella njam-njamensis
Ispot Southern Africa: Selaginella njam-njamensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Selaginella njam-njamensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Selaginella njam-njamensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Selaginella njam-njamensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Selaginella njam-njamensis
Tropicos: Selaginella njam-njamensis


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Selaginella njam-njamensis.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=175600, retrieved 19 November 2017

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