Rhamphicarpa fistulosa (Hochst.) Benth.

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Rhamphicarpa fistulosa

Picture: Bart Wursten
Besna Kobila, Matobo.

Rhamphicarpa fistulosa

Picture: Bart Wursten
Besna Kobila, Matobo.

Rhamphicarpa fistulosa

Picture: Bart Wursten
Besna Kobila, Matobo.

Rhamphicarpa fistulosa

Picture: Bart Wursten
Besna Kobila, Matobo.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Macrosiphon fistulosus Hochst.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Erect annual herb up to 50 cm high, sometimes higher. Leaves 10-60 mm long, pinnatisect or rarely simple with up to 7 filiform segments, 2-30 mm long. Flowers solitary in the axils of bracts. Pedicels up to 20 mm long. Corolla white, cream, pale pink or pale blue; tube 25-35 mm long, straight or curved; lobes circular or spathulate, 6-9 mm long; corolla often persisting around the developing capsule. Capsule up to 15 mm long with an apical beak, winged along the sutures.
Type location:
Sudan
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: fistulosa: hollow like a pipe but closed at both ends
Habitat: On peaty soils overlying rock, in rock crevices in streams and rivers or in grassy swamps.
Altitude range: 600 - 1750 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in subsaharan Africa, Madagascar, New Guinea and Australia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): S
Growth form(s): Annual.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 268. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 30.

Ellery, K. & W. (1997). Plants of the Okavango Delta, a Field Guide Tsaro Publishers, Durban, South Africa Page 173. (Includes a picture).

Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Scrophulariaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 154 - 156. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 78.

Philcox, D. (1990). Scrophulariaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Pages 135 - 136. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 98.

Roodt, V. (2011). Wild flowers, Waterplants and Grasses of the Okavango Delta and Kalahari "Did You Know" nature series Struik Nature for Veronica Roodt Publications Page 41. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 104.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 225.

Other sources of information about Rhamphicarpa fistulosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Rhamphicarpa fistulosa
Flora of Caprivi: Rhamphicarpa fistulosa
Flora of Malawi: Rhamphicarpa fistulosa
Flora of Mozambique: Rhamphicarpa fistulosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Rhamphicarpa fistulosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rhamphicarpa fistulosa
African Plant Database: Rhamphicarpa fistulosa
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Rhamphicarpa fistulosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rhamphicarpa fistulosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rhamphicarpa fistulosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rhamphicarpa fistulosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Rhamphicarpa fistulosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Rhamphicarpa fistulosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Rhamphicarpa fistulosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rhamphicarpa fistulosa
Ispot Southern Africa: Rhamphicarpa fistulosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Rhamphicarpa fistulosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Rhamphicarpa fistulosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Rhamphicarpa fistulosa
The Plant List (version 1.1): Rhamphicarpa fistulosa
Tropicos: Rhamphicarpa fistulosa


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Rhamphicarpa fistulosa.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=152230, retrieved 15 December 2017

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