Erythrophleum suaveolens (Guill. & Perr.) Brenan

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Erythrophleum suaveolens

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Erythrophleum suaveolens

Leaflet, fruit
Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Erythrophleum suaveolens

Flower
Ntumbachusi falls
Sep 2008
Photo: Mike Bingham

Erythrophleum suaveolens

Flower; Lumangwe falls; Sep 2008.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Erythrophleum suaveolens

Fruit
Ntumbachusi falls
Sep 2008
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Erythrophleum guineense G. Don
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Medium to large tree to 20 m. Bark rough and blackish. Leaves 2-pinnate with 2-3 pairs of pinnae; leaflets 7-13 per pinna, large, alternate, ovate, up to 5 × 2.5 cm, glossy dark green. Flowers in fluffy spikes, cream to yellow. Fruit a hard, flat woody pod, splitting along one side while still on the tree.
Type location:
South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal
Notes: Flora Zambesiaca has Erythrophleum lasianthum distinct from E. suaveolens, but notes that it shares characters of this species and E. africanum. South African botanists prefer to keep E. lasianthum. In the early 1970s I was shown a small stand of trees, long since turned into charcoal, in miombo woodland in the Misaka National Forest near Kitwe, which was typical E. africanum except for the leaflets, which were shaped like those of E. suaveolens, but with papery texture like E. africanum. It had been identified as E. guineense, now a synonym of E. suaveolens.
Derivation of specific name: suaveolens: sweet-scented
Habitat: Gallery forest, dry evergreen forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Nov
Worldwide distribution:
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Lp,N,C
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 26 June 2013
Literature:

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 205 - 207. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 213.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 242.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 91.

Other sources of information about Erythrophleum suaveolens:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Erythrophleum suaveolens
Flora of Mozambique: Erythrophleum suaveolens
Flora of Zimbabwe: Erythrophleum suaveolens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Erythrophleum suaveolens
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Erythrophleum suaveolens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Erythrophleum suaveolens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Erythrophleum suaveolens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Erythrophleum suaveolens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Erythrophleum suaveolens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Erythrophleum suaveolens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Erythrophleum suaveolens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Erythrophleum suaveolens
Ispot Southern Africa: Erythrophleum suaveolens
JSTOR Plant Science: Erythrophleum suaveolens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Erythrophleum suaveolens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Erythrophleum suaveolens
The Plant List (version 1.1): Erythrophleum suaveolens
Tropicos: Erythrophleum suaveolens


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Erythrophleum suaveolens.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126540, retrieved 22 November 2017

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