Cannabis sativa L.

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Cannabis sativa

Picture: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Cannabis sativa

Picture: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Cannabis sativa

Picture: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Cannabis sativa

Picture: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Cannabis sativa

Picture: Bart Wursten
Marydale Point Lake Chivero Recreational Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cannabis indica Lam.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Introduced
Description:
Aromatic annual herb, up 3 m. Stems branched or not, angular; most parts with minute swollen-based hairs. Leaves palmate-digitate with 3-7 leaflets on a petiole up to 6 cm long; leaflets sessile, narrowly lanceolate, up to 15 cm; margin coarsely toothed or scalloped. Flowers in numerous clusters in the upper leaf axils, greenish-white, unisexual on different plants; male plants usually larger with more flowers and living longer after flowering. Fruit round to ovoid, up to c. 4 × 3.5 mm, often with conspicuous reticulate vein-patterns, when still surrounded by the persistent perianth.
Type location:
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: sativa: cultivated, not wild
Habitat:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native to Central Asia and widely naturalised in other parts of the world
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces):
Growth form(s): Annual.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 43.

Wild, H. (undated, c. 1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds ?Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 55. (Includes a picture).

Wilmot-Dear, C.M. (1991). Cannabaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 11 - 13. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Cannabis sativa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cannabis sativa
Flora of Malawi: Cannabis sativa
Flora of Mozambique: Cannabis sativa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cannabis sativa
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cannabis sativa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cannabis sativa
African Plant Database: Cannabis sativa
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cannabis sativa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cannabis sativa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cannabis sativa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cannabis sativa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cannabis sativa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cannabis sativa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cannabis sativa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cannabis sativa
Ispot Southern Africa: Cannabis sativa
JSTOR Plant Science: Cannabis sativa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cannabis sativa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cannabis sativa
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cannabis sativa
Tropicos: Cannabis sativa


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Cannabis sativa.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=120470, retrieved 15 December 2017

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