Prickles or spines on trunk or stems

The following is a list of native or naturalised species which, at least some of the time, possess this spot-character.

FamilySpeciesComment
Acanthaceae Hygrophila schulli
Annonaceae Uvariastrum hexaloboides
Apocynaceae subfamilies Apocynoideae and Rauvolfioideae Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
Araceae Amorphophallus abyssinicus subsp. unyikae
Araceae Amorphophallus mossambicensis
Arecaceae Borassus aethiopum
Balanitaceae Balanites aegyptiaca var. aegyptiaca
Balanitaceae Balanites maughamii
Bignoniaceae Rhigozum brevispinosum
Bombacaceae Adansonia digitata
Burseraceae Commiphora glandulosa
Burseraceae Commiphora pyracanthoides subsp. pyracanthoides
Burseraceae Commiphora ugogensis
Capparaceae Capparis erythrocarpos var. rosea
Capparaceae Capparis tomentosa
Clusiaceae Psorospermum febrifugum
Combretaceae Combretum mossambicense
Cucurbitaceae Acanthosicyos naudinianus Tendrils modified to become spines
Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea dumetorum
Dipterocarpaceae Marquesia acuminata
Dipterocarpaceae Marquesia macroura
Euphorbiaceae Macaranga capensis
Euphorbiaceae Monadenium schubei (pax)
Euphorbiaceae Ricinus communis var. communis Spiny in some varieties
Fabaceae subfamily Caesalpinioideae Pterolobium stellatum
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia amythethophylla
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia ataxacantha
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia eriocarpa
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia erioloba
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia erubescens
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia fleckii
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia galpinii
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia gerrardii var. gerrardii
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia goetzei subsp. microphylla
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia goetzei subsp. goetzei
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia hebeclada subsp. hebeclada
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia hebeclada
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia hebeclada subsp. chobiensis
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia karroo
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia kirkii subsp. kirkii var. kirkii
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia luederitzii var. luederitzii
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia mellifera subsp. detinens
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia nigrescens
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia nilotica subsp. kraussiana
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia pentagona
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia rehmanniana
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia schweinfurthii
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia senegal
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia senegal var. leiorhachis
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia sieberiana var. woodii
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Acacia tortilis subsp. spirocarpa
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Dichrostachys cinerea
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Faidherbia albida
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Mimosa pigra
Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae Bobgunnia madagascariensis
Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae Cordyla africana
Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae Dalbergiella nyasae
Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae Erythrina abyssinica
Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae Indigofera bainesii
Fabaceae subfamily Papilionoideae Pterocarpus angolensis
Hernandiaceae Gyrocarpus americanus subsp. africanus
Hypoxidaceae Hypoxis goetzei
Irvingiaceae Klainedoxa gabonensis
Lamiaceae Kalaharia uncinata
Lamiaceae Karomia tettensis
Malvaceae Hibiscus cannabinus
Malvaceae Hibiscus diversifolius subsp. rivularis
Malvaceae Hibiscus mastersianus
Malvaceae Hibiscus surattensis
Meliaceae Entandrophragma caudatum
Meliaceae Entandrophragma delevoyi
Moraceae Dorstenia benguellensis
Moraceae Dorstenia buchananii var. buchananii
Moraceae Dorstenia cuspidata var. cuspidata
Moraceae Dorstenia psilurus var. psilurus
Moraceae Maclura africana
Ochnaceae Ochna schweinfurthiana
Olacaceae Ximenia americana var. microphylla
Olacaceae Ximenia caffra var. natalensis
Olacaceae Ximenia caffra var. caffra
Papaveraceae Argemone mexicana
Phyllanthaceae Bridelia micrantha
Poaceae Setaria lindenbergiana
Polygalaceae Carpolobia goetzei Branchlets are spine-tipped
Polygalaceae Securidaca longepedunculata
Rhamnaceae Scutia myrtina
Rhamnaceae Ziziphus abyssinica
Rhamnaceae Ziziphus mauritiana
Rhamnaceae Ziziphus mucronata subsp. rhodesica
Rhamnaceae Ziziphus mucronata subsp. mucronata
Rhamnaceae Ziziphus mucronata
Rosaceae Rubus apetalus
Rosaceae Rubus niveus
Rosaceae Rubus pinnatus
Rubiaceae Breonadia salicina
Rubiaceae Catunaregam taylorii
Rubiaceae Rubia cordifolia subsp. conotricha
Rutaceae Citropsis daweana
Rutaceae Citrus limon
Rutaceae Harrisonia abyssinica
Rutaceae Toddalia asiatica
Salicaceae Dovyalis macrocalyx
Salicaceae Flacourtia indica
Salicaceae Oncoba spinosa
Salicaceae Scolopia zeyheri
Salvadoraceae Azima tetracantha
Sapindaceae Zanha africana
Solanaceae Solanum aculeastrum var. aculeastrum
Solanaceae Solanum aculeatissimum
Sterculiaceae Sterculia africana
Sterculiaceae Sterculia quinqueloba
Sterculiaceae Sterculia subviolacea
Sterculiaceae Sterculia tragacantha
Number of species: 115


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: List of species with each spot-character: Prickles or spines on trunk or stems.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species-spot-display.php?species_id=109, retrieved 30 March 2017

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