Tirumala petiverana - Blue monarch, Dappled monarch

Species details:

Note: Flying from February to May
Distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa. Fairly common as far as Zimbabwe and Mozambique but a rare vagrant in northern South Africa.
Related plant families:
Related plant genera:
Apocynaceae subfamilies Asclepiadoideae and SecamonoideaeMarsdenia (Larval foodplant)
Related plant species:
Apocynaceae subfamilies Asclepiadoideae and SecamonoideaePergularia daemia subsp. daemia (Larval foodplant)
Apocynaceae subfamilies Asclepiadoideae and SecamonoideaePergularia daemia subsp. barbata (Larval foodplant)
Literature: Henning, G.A., Pringle, E.L.L. & Ball, J.B. (1994), Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa, Struik Winchester, Cape Town, p. 48.
Woodhall, S. (2005), Field guide to Butterflies of South Africa, Struik Publishers, Cape Town, p. 36.
Williams, M,C. (2008), Butterflies and Skippers of the Afrotropical Region, Nymphalidae subfamily Danainae, p. 15, Online Encyclopaedia.

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: Lepidoptera - Butterflies and Moths: Tirumala petiverana .
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/insect-display.php?insect_species_id=401430, retrieved 22 July 2017

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