Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Gentianales

Gentianaceae - Gentian family

Paiva, J. & Nogueira, I. (1990) Gentianaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(4)

Description of the family

Mostly annual, biennial or perennial herbs, rarely (Anthocleista only in our area) trees or shrubs. Stipules 0. Leaves simple, opposite (in ours). Inflorescence a cyme or raceme, sometimes flowers solitary, fasciculate or verticillate. Flowers bisexual (sometimes unisexual), actinomorphic, (rarely zygomorphic). Calyx tubular with (2-)4-5 or rarely 6-12 lobes. Corolla gamopetalous, 3-5(-16)-lobed. Stamens as many as corolla lobes. Ovary superior, 1- or 2-locular. Fruit usually a capsule, rarely a berry.

Worldwide: 89 genera and c.1200 species, ± cosmopolitan but mainly temperate and subtropical

Zambia: 11 genera and 49 taxa.

No image yet

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Anthocleista Afzel. ex R. Br.Description
Canscora Lam.Description
Chironia L.Description
Congolanthus A. RaynalDescription
Enicostema BlumeDescription
Exacum L.Description
Faroa Welw.Description
Pycnosphaera GilgDescription
Schinziella GilgDescription
Sebaea R. Br.Description, Image
Swertia L.Description

Other sources of information about Gentianaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Gentianaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Gentianaceae
Flora of Malawi: Gentianaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Gentianaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Gentianaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Gentianaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Gentianaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: Family page: Gentianaceae.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=90, retrieved 24 October 2017

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