Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Commelinales

Commelinaceae - Spiderwort family

Obermeyer, A.A. & Faden, R.B. (1985) Commelinaceae Flora of Southern Africa 4(2)

Description of the family

Annual or perennial herbs, often succulent. Leaves alternate with a basal sheath enclosing the stem, often ciliate at the mouth. Inflorescences composed of cymes which may be few or numerous and aggregated into thyrses; sometimes subtended by or enclosed in spathes. Flowers actinomorphic or zygomorphic, bisexual or male, occasionally cleistogamous. Sepals 3. Petals 3, free or united, deliquescent, conspicuous, usually brightly coloured, often blue or yellow. Stamens 6, in 2 whorls; in some genera 1-4 modified into staminodes or suppressed. Style unbranched. Ovary superior, 2-3-locular. Fruit a 2-3-valved capsule, rarely indehiscent.

Worldwide: 39 genera and 640 species, occurring in tropical to subtemperate areas.

Zambia: 7 genera and 53 taxa.

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Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Aneilema R. Br.Description
Anthericopsis Engl.Image
Commelina L.Description
Cyanotis D. DonDescription
Floscopa Lour.Description
Murdannia RoyleDescription
Palisota Endl.Description

Other sources of information about Commelinaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Commelinaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Commelinaceae
Flora of Malawi: Commelinaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Commelinaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Commelinaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Commelinaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Commelinaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Commelinaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: Family page: Commelinaceae.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=60, retrieved 29 April 2017

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