Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Rosales

Urticaceae - Nettle family

Cecropiaceae

Berg, C.C. (1991) Cecropiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6)

Friis, I. (1991) Urticaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6)

Description of the family

Annual or perennial herbs, shrubs or small trees, monoecious or dioecious, sometimes with stinging hairs. Stipules usually present. Leaves alternate or opposite, simple or lobed, usually strongly 3-veined from the base. Cystoliths generally present. Inflorescences usually cymose, densely clustered. Flowers minute, unisexual, with 1 whorl of tepals. Ovary superior with 1 erect basal ovule.

Comment: In addition to the stinging nettles in this family, species of Tragia in Euphorbiaceae have stinging hairs and sometimes nettle-like leaves.

Worldwide: 44 genera and 1,230 species, tropical, with a few temperate.

Zambia: 8 genera and 13 taxa.

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Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Boehmeria Jacq.Description
Didymodoxa Wedd.
Elatostema J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.Description
Girardinia Gaudich.Description
Laportea Gaudich.Description
Pilea Lindl.Description
Pouzolzia Gaudich.Description
Urera Gaudich.Description

Other sources of information about Urticaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Urticaceae
Flora of Malawi: Urticaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Urticaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Urticaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Urticaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Urticaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: Family page: Urticaceae.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=227, retrieved 30 March 2017

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