Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Sapindales

Rutaceae - Citrus family

Mendonça, F. A. (1963) Rutaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1)

Description of the family

Armed or unarmed trees or shrubs, sometimes climbing, rarely suffrutices or perennial herbs (Thamnosma only). Stipules 0. Leaves opposite or alternate, simple or compound, often aromatic when crushed, dotted with translucent glands which may be confined to the margin only, usually readily visible when the leaf is held up to the light. Inflorescence a panicle, raceme or cluster. Flowers bisexual or unisexual, (2-)4-5-merous. Petals free. Stamens as many as or twice the number of petals, inserted at base of disk. Ovary composed of a single carpel or of 2-5(-7) partially or wholly united carpels, superior or semi-inferior. Fruit baccate or drupaceous, 1-4-locular or a capsule or rarely a 1-seeded follicle.

Worldwide: 153 genera and 1,800 species, cosmopolitan, but especially in tropical areas.

Zambia: 11 genera and 22 taxa.

Insects associated with this family:

Papilio nireus (Green-banded swallowtail)
No image yet

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Casimiroa La LlaveDescription
Citropsis (Engl.) Swingle & M. Kellerm.Description
Citrus L.Description
Clausena Burm. f.Description
Fagaropsis Mildbr. ex Siebenl.Description
Harrisonia R. Br. ex A. Juss.Description, Image
Oricia PierreDescription
Teclea DelileDescription
Toddalia Juss.Description
Vepris Comm. ex A. Juss.Description
Zanthoxylum L.Description

Other sources of information about Rutaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Rutaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Rutaceae
Flora of Malawi: Rutaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Rutaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Rutaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Rutaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Rutaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: Family page: Rutaceae.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=199, retrieved 23 May 2017

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