Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Lamiales

Lamiaceae - Mint and basil family

Labiatae

Codd, L.E. (1985) Lamiaceae Flora of Southern Africa 28(4)

Fernandes, R. (2005) Lamiaceae (subfamilies: Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7)

Paton, A.J. et al. (2009) Lamiaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa

Description of the family

Trees, shrubs or annual or perennial herbs, usually with square stems. Stipules 0. Leaves opposite or whorled, rarely alternate (e.g. Aeollanthus subacaulis), usually gland-dotted and aromatic. Infl. cymose, borne in the axils of opposite bracts, usually much condensed so that the two opposite cymes form a whorl-like infl. (referred to as a whorl in this account); rarely the flowers are solitary in the axil of each bract. The whorls are often close together so that they form spikes or heads. Flowers hypogynous, zygomorphic, usually 2-lipped, bisexual (unisexual in Tetradenia). Bracts present. Calyx usually 5-toothed, often 2-lipped. Corolla gamopetalous, basically 5-lobed but often 2-lipped with the 2 upper lobes and the 3 lower lobes united. Stamens rarely 2, usually 4. Ovary superior, 4-locular; style often 2-lobed, usually gynobasic. Fruit consisting of 4 dry, 1-seeded nutlets.

Worldwide: 251 genera and 6,700 species, cosmopolitan, but especially from the Mediterranean to C Asia; very rare in New Zealand.

Zambia: 34 genera and 225 taxa.

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Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Achyrospermum BlumeDescription
Acrotome Benth. ex Endl.Description
Aeollanthus Mart. ex Spreng.Description
Alvesia Welw.
Basilicum MoenchImage
Clerodendrum L.Description
Clinopodium L.Description
Endostemon N.E.Br.Description
Fuerstia T.C.E. Fr.
Haumaniastrum P.A. Duvign. & PlanckeDescription, Image
Hoslundia VahlDescription, Image
Hyptis Jacq.Description
Isodon (Benth.) Spach.
Kalaharia Baill.Description
Karomia DopDescription
Leonotis (Pers.) R.Br.Description
Leucas R. Br.Description
Mentha L.Description
Micromeria Benth.Description
Ocimum L.Description
Orthosiphon Benth.Description
Platostoma P. Beauv.Description
Plectranthus L'Hér.Description
Pogostemon Desf.
Premna L.Description, Image
Pycnostachys Hook.Description, Image
Rotheca Raf.Description
Salvia L.Description
Scutellaria L.Description
Stachys L.Description
Syncolostemon E. Mey.
Tetradenia Benth.Description, Image
Tinnea Kotschy & Peyr.Description, Image
Vitex L.Description

Other sources of information about Lamiaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Lamiaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Lamiaceae
Flora of Malawi: Lamiaceae
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Lamiaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Lamiaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Lamiaceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Lamiaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Lamiaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Lamiaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Lamiaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: Family page: Lamiaceae.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=114, retrieved 23 July 2017

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