Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Asparagales

Hyacinthaceae

Stedje, B. (1996) Hyacinthaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa

Description of the family

Herbs with bulbs. Leaves in a basal rosette from the apex of the bulb (in Bowiea and Schizobasis, leaves 0 or much reduced), with or without spots, sometimes papillose or hairy. Inflorescence a raceme or spike on a leafless peduncle (but in Bowiea and Schizobasis much-branched and complex). Flowers greenish to white or yellowish, purplish to purple or blue, often with a green or dark midrib. Perianth segments 6, free or fused into a tube. Ovary superior, 3-locular, with 1-many ovules per loculus. Fruit a loculicidal capsule. Seeds black, sometimes winged.

Comment: The genera included by us under Hyacinthaceae are nowadays often placed under Asparagaceae. However, we have followed the more traditional treatment for the time being.

Worldwide: 41 genera and 770 species, ± cosmopolitan, but especially Mediterranean region and South Africa.

Zambia: 10 genera and 28 taxa.

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Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Albuca L.Description
Dipcadi Medik.Description
Drimia Jacq. ex Willd.Description
Drimiopsis Lindl. & PaxtonDescription
Eucomis L'Hér.Description
Ledebouria RothDescription
Ornithogalum L.Description
Schizobasis BakerDescription
Schizocarphus Van der Merwe
Scilla L.Description

Other sources of information about Hyacinthaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Malawi: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hyacinthaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Hyacinthaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Hyacinthaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-17

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2017). Flora of Zambia: Family page: Hyacinthaceae.
http://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=101, retrieved 23 June 2017

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